Antecedent rainfall influence on landslides in the Colombian Andes

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Derly Estefanny Gómez García
Edier Aristizábal
Edwin García


Colombia has a long history of mass movement disasters as a result of its geographic and hydrometeorological conditions. According to Gomez et al. 2021, most landslides have been triggered by rainfall and have caused 34.248 deaths over a 120-year period (1900-2019). Therefore, it is necessary to study the main cause of the slope failure, which is highly related to the presence of moisture in the soil. In this regard, considering the direct relationship of soil moisture with meteorological conditions and the greater availability of precipitation data, accumulated antecedent rainfall has been widely used in the literature as an indirect proxy for soil moisture. This criterion of antecedent rainfall analysis requires a justification for the selection of these variables. Therefore, this study presents an analysis of the relationship between antecedent rainfall events and landslides in the Colombian Andean Region by assessing the probabilities of landslide occurrence for those rainfalls and the coefficients of the logistic regression model. The results pointed out the short and medium-term antecedent rainfall (the first days and up to 2 weeks ago), followed by the monthly antecedent rainfall (between 30 and 40 days), as the most relevant for landslides. Likewise, critical values were obtained for these variables, which are useful for the definition of warnings alerts and also provide a basis for susceptibility, hazard and land-use planning studies.

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Gómez García, D. E., Aristizábal, E., & García, E. (2023). Antecedent rainfall influence on landslides in the Colombian Andes. Revista De La Asociación Geológica Argentina, 80(2), 179-194. Retrieved from

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