Trace fossils as tools to unravel oxygen conditions: A case study from Los Molles Formation (Toarcian-lower Callovian)

Autores/as

  • Débora Mical Campetella
  • Noelia Beatriz Carmona
  • Juan José Ponce
  • Andreas Wetzel
  • Maximiliano Rodríguez
  • Martin Nazareno Parada

Palabras clave:

oxygenation, Chondrites, Trichichnus, Phycosiphon, Cuyo Group

Resumen

The Toarcian – lower Callovian Los Molles Formation in the Chacay Melehue section (southern limb of Cordillera del Viento - Neuquén Basin) comprises offshore-shelf deposits and subordinately, channel-levee and lobe deposits produced by density currents. These deposits are characterized by two distinctive trace fossil suites: (1) Chondrites and Trichichnus in the offshore-shelf mud, and (2) Chondrites, Trichichnus, and Phycosiphon occurring in distal levee deposits. The generally low diversity and abundance of the trace fossils suggest severe environmental conditions. In particular, in the intervals containing Chondrites and Trichichnus, pyrite framboids are abundant and most likely indicate low oxygen availability within the sediment. The presence of Phycosiphon in the levee deposits implies short periods of improved oxygenation caused by the density currents originating in shallow water.

Citas

Aguirre-Urreta, M.B., Rawson, P.F., Concheyro, G.A., Bown, P.R., and Ottone, E.G. 2005. Lower Cretaceous (Berriasian-Aptian) biostratigraphy of the Neuquén Basin. In: Veiga, G., Spalletti, L., Howell, J.A., Schwarz, E. (eds.), The Neuquén Basin: A Case Study in Sequence Stratigraphy and Basin Dynamics. Geological Society of London, Special Publication 252: 57-81, London.

Al Suwaidi, A., Damborenea, S., Hesselbo, S., Jenkyns, H., Manceñido, M., and Riccardi, A. 2008. Los Molles Formation, Neuquén Basin Argentina: A Southern Hemisphere perspective on the Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting Abstracts: PP34A-05, San Francisco.

Al-Suwaidi, A.H., Angelozzi, G.N., Baudin, F., Damborenea, S.E., Hesselbo, S.P., Jenkyns, H.C., Manceñido, M.O., and Riccardi, A.C. 2010. First record of the Early Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event from the Southern Hemisphere, Neuquén Basin, Argentina. Journal of the Geological Society London 167(4): 633-636.

Al-Suwaidi, A.H., Hesselbo, S.P., Damborenea, S.E., Manceñido, M.O., Jenkyns, H.C., Riccardi, A.C., Angelozzi, G.N., and Baudin, F. 2016. The Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event (Early Jurassic) in the Neuquén Basin, Argentina: A reassessment of age and carbon isotope stratigraphy. Journal of Geology 124(2): 171–193.

Arregui, C., Carbone, O., and Martínez, R. 2011. El Grupo Cuyo (Jurásico temprano-medio) en la Cuenca Neuquina. In: Leanza, H.A., Arregui, C., Carbone, O., Danieli, J.C., and Vallés, J.M., (eds.), Geología y Recursos Naturales de la Provincia del Neuquén: 18° Congreso Geológico Argentino, Relatorio: 77-89, Buenos Aires.

Benton, M.J., and Harper, D.A.T. 2009. Introduction to Paleobiology and the Fossil Record. Blackwell Publishing, 592 p., Oxford.

Bond, D.P.G., and Wignall, P.B. 2014. Large igneous provinces and mass extinctions: an update. In: Keller, G. and Kerr, A.C. (eds.), Volcanism, Impacts, and Mass Extinctions: Causes and Effects. Geological Society of America Special Paper 505: 29-55.

Bromley, R.G. 1990. Trace Fossils: Biology and Taphonomy. Special Topics in Palaeontology, 13. Unwin Hyman Ltd., 280 p., London.

Bromley, R.G., and Ekdale, A.A. 1984. Chondrites: a trace fossil indicator of anoxia in sediment. Science 224(4651): 872-874.

Brongniart, A.T. 1823. Observations sur les fucoids. Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, Mémoires 1: 301-320.

Buatois, L.A., and Mángano, M.G. 2011. Ichnology, Organism- Substrate Interactions in Space and Time. Cambridge University Press, 358 p., Cambridge.

Callow, R.H.T., McIlroy, D., Kneller, B., and Dykstra, M. 2013. Integrated ichnological and sedimentological analysis of a Late Cretaceous submarine channel-levee system: the Rosario Formation, Baja California, Mexico. Marine and Petroleum Geology 41: 277-294.

Campetella, D.M., Rodriguez, M.N., Ponce, J.J., Carmona N.B., Wetzel, A., Parada, M.N., and Canale, N. 2018. Análisis icnológico de la Formación Los Molles en la Cordillera del Viento, Cuenca Neuquina, Argentina. 16° Reunión Argentina de Sedimentología, Actas: 173 p., General Roca.

Carbone, O., Franzese, J., Limeres, M., Delpino, D., and Martinez, R. 2011. El Ciclo Precuyano (Triásico Tardío - Jurásico Temprano) en la Cuenca Neuquina. In: Leanza H.A., Arregui C., Carbone O., Danieli, J.C. and Vallés, J.M. (eds.), Geología y Recursos Naturales de la Provincia del Neuquén. Asociación Geológica Argentina: 63-76 p., Buenos Aires.

Celis, S.A., Rodríguez-Tovar, F.J., and Pardo-Trujillo, A. 2018. The Phycosiphon record in the Ladrilleros-Juanchaco section (Miocene, Colombian Pacific): palaeoecological implications. Spanish Journal of Palaeontology 33(2): 277-288.

Damborenea, S.E. 1990. Middle Jurassic inoceramids from Argentina. Journal of Paleontology 64(5): 736-759.

Damborenea, S.E., and Manceñido, M.O. 1996. Icnofósiles (nucleocavia) preservados sobre moldes internos de conchillas del Jurásico medio del oeste argentino. Asociación Paleontológica Argentina, Publicación Especial 4, 1º Reunión Argentina de Icnología (Santa Rosa, 1993): 111-120.

Damborenea, S.E., and Manceñido, M.O. 2005. Tafonomía y modo de vida de especies de Retroceramus (Bivalvia) del Jurásico medio de Argentina. Ameghiniana Suplemento Resúmenes 42(4): 23R.

Dzulynski, S., and Slaczka, A. 1958. Directional structures and sedimentation of the Krosno beds (Carpathian flysch). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae, 28(3): 205-260.

Edwards, B.D. 1985. Bioturbation in a dysaerobic bathyal basin California borderland. In: Curran, A.H. (ed.), Biogenic Structures: Their Use in Interpreting Depositional Environments. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publication 35: 309-331, Tulsa.

Fantasia, A., Föllmi, K.B., Adatte, T., Bernárdez, E., Spangenberg, J.E., and Mattioli, E. 2018. The Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event in southwestern Gondwana: an example from the Andean Basin, northern Chile. Journal of the Geological Society 175(6): 883-902.

Fischer-Ooster, C. von. 1858. Die fossilen Fucoiden der Schweizer Alpen, nebst Erörterung über deren geologisches Alter. Huber und Companie, 74 p., Bern.

Föllmi, K.B., and Grimm, K.A. 1990. Doomed pioneers: gravity-flow deposition and bioturbation in marine oxygen-deficient environments. Geology 18: 1069-1072.

Franzese, J.R., Spalletti, L.A., Gómez Pérez, I., and Macdonald, D. 2003. Tectonic and paleoenviromental evolution of Mesozoic sedimentary basins along the Andean foothills of Argentina (32°–54°S). Journal of South American Earth Science 16(1): 81-90.

Frey, R.W. 1970. Trace fossils of Fort Hays Limestone Member of Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous), West-Central Kansas. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions 53: 1-41.

Fu, S. 1991. Funktion, Verhalten und Einteilung fucoider und lophocteniider Lebensspuren. Courier Forschungs-Institut Senckenberg 135: 1-79.

Fürsich, F.T. 1974. Ichnogenus Rhizocorallium. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 48(1-2): 16-28.

Groeber, P., Stipanicic, P., and Mingram, A. 1953. Jurásico. In: Geografía de la República Argentina 2 (1° parte): Mesozoico. Sociedad Argentina de Estudios Geográficos GAEA: 143-347, Buenos Aires.

Gulisano, C.A. and Gutiérrez Pleimling, A. 1995. Field Guide: The Jurassic of the Neuquén Basin. a) Neuquén Province. Asociación Geológica Argentina, Serie C 2, 111 p., Buenos Aires.

Hertweck, G. 1972. Distribution and environmental significance of lebensspuren and in situ skeletal remains. Senckenbergiana Maritima 4: 125-167.

Howell, J.A., Schwarz, E., Spalletti, L.A., and Veiga, G.D. 2005. The Neuquén Basin: an overview. In: Veiga, G.D., Spalletti, L.A., Howell, J.A. and Schwarz, E. (eds.), The Neuquén Basin, Argentina: A Case Study in Sequence Stratigraphy and Basin Dynamics. Geological Society London, Special Publication 252: 1-14, London.

Jenkyns, H.C. 2010. Geochemistry of oceanic anoxic events. Geochemistry, Geophysics. Geosystems 11(3): 1-30.

Kędzierski, M., Uchman, A., Sawlowicz, Z., and Briguglio, A. 2015. Fossilized bioelectric wire – the trace fossil Trichichnus. Biogeosciences 12(8): 2301-2309.

Knaust, D. 2017. Atlas of Trace Fossils in Well Core: Appearance, Taxonomy and Interpretation. Springer, 209 p., Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York.

Kotake, N. 1991. Non-selective surface deposit feeding by the Zoophycos producers. Lethaia 24(4): 379-385.

Kotlarczyk, J., and Uchman, A. 2012. Integrated ichnology and ichthyology of the Oligocene Menilite Formation, Skole and Subsilesian nappes, Polish Carpathians: A proxy to oxygenation history. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 331-332: 104-118.

Lanés, S., Giambiagi, L., Bechis, F., and Tunik, M. 2008. Late Triassic - Early Jurassic successions of the Atuel depocenter: sequence stratigraphy and tectonic controls. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 63(4): 534-548.

Leanza, H.A. 2009. Las principales discordancias del Mesozoico de la Cuenca Neuquina según observaciones de superficie. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales 11(2): 145-184.

Leanza, H.A., Llambías, E.J., and Carbone, O. 2005. Unidades limitadas por discordancias en los depocentros de la Cordillera del Viento y la Sierra de Chacaico durante los inicios de la Cuenca Neuquina. 6º Congreso de exploración y desarrollo de Hidrocarburos, Actas: 11, Mar del Plata.

Legarreta, L., and Gulisano, C.A. 1989. Análisis estratigráfico secuencial de la Cuenca Neuquina (Triásico superior–Terciario inferior, Argentina). In: Chebli, G. and Spalletti, L. (eds.), Cuencas Sedimentarias Argentinas. Serie Correlación Geológica, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán 6: 221-243, San Miguel de Tucumán.

Legarreta, L., and Uliana, M.A. 1991. Jurassic-Cretaceous marine oscillations and geometry of back arc basin fill, Central Argentine Andes. In: Macdonald, D.I.M. (ed.), Sedimentation, Tectonics and Eustasy – Sea-level Changes at Active Margins. International Association of Sedimentologists, Special Publication 12: 429-450, Oxford.

Llambías, E.J., and Leanza, H.A. 2005. Depósitos laháricos en la Formación Los Molles en Chacay Melehue, Neuquén: evidencia de volcanismo jurásico en la cuenca neuquina. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 60(3): 552-558.

Llambias, J. E., Leanza, H.A., and Carbone., O. 2007. Evolución tectono-magmática durante el Pérmico al Jurásico temprano en la Cordillera del Viento (37°05´s - 37°15´s): nuevas evidencias geológicas y geoquímicas del inicio de la Cuenca Neuquina. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 62(2): 217-235.

Lobza, V., and Schieber, J. 1999. Biogenic sedimentary structures produced by worms in soupy, soft muds: observations from the Chattanooga Shale (Upper Devonian) and experiments. Journal of Sedimentary Research 69(5): 1041-1049.

Manceñido, M.O., Damborenea, S.E., and Riccardi, A.C. 2007. The Early Toarcian Oceanic Anoxic Event in the Argentinian Andes. Ameghiniana 44(4R): 59R-60R.

McBride, E.F., and Picard, M.D. 1991. Facies implications of Trichichnus and Chondrites in turbidites and hemipelagites, Marnoso arenacea Formation (Miocene), Northern Apennines, Italy. Palaios 6(3): 281-290.

Osgood, R.G. Jr. 1970. Trace fossils of the Cincinnati area. Palaeontographica Americana 6: 281-444.

Paim, P.S.G., Silveira, A.S., Lavina, E.L.C., Ubiratan, F.F., Leanza, H.A., Teixeira De Oliveira, J.M.M., and D'Avila, R.S.F. 2008. High resolution stratigraphy and gravity flow deposits in the Los Molles Formation (Cuyo Group - Jurassic) at La Jardinera region, Neuquén basin. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina. 63(4): 728-753.

Pickerill, R.K., and Brenchley, P.J. 1991. Benthic macrofossils as paleoenvironmental indicators in marine siliciclastic facies. Geoscience Canada 18(3): 119-138.

Ponce, J.J., Carmona, N.B., Montagna A.O., and Canale, N. 2015. Sedimentología e Icnología de los Sistemas Petroleros no Convencionales de la Cuenca Neuquina. (Los Molles-Lajas y Vaca Muerta Quintuco). Guía de Campo. Universidad Nacional de Río Negro – Fundación YPF, 112 p., General Roca.

Riccardi, A.C. 2008a. El Jurásico de Argentina y sus amonites. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 63(4): 625-643.

Riccardi, A.C. 2008b. The marine Jurassic of Argentina: a biostratigraphic framework. Episodes 31(3): 326-335.

Riccardi, A.C., Westermann, G.E.G., and Elmi, S. 1988. Zonas de Amonites del Bathoniano-Caloviano inferior de los Andes argentino-chilenos. 5° Congreso Geológico Chileno, 2: C415-C426, Santiago.

Riccardi, A.C. Damborenea, S.E., Manceñido, M.O., and Leanza, H.A. 2011. Megainvertebrados del Jurásico y su importancia geobiológica. In: Leanza, H.A., Arregui, C., Carbone, O., Danieli, J.C., and Vallés, J.M., (eds.), Geología y Recursos Naturales de la Provincia del Neuquén: 18° Congreso Geológico Argentino, Relatorio: 441-464, Buenos Aires.

Rickard, D., 2019. Sedimentary pyrite framboid size-frequency distributions: A meta-analysis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 522: 62-75.

Rodríguez-Tovar, F.J., Nagy, J., and Reolid, M. 2014. Palaeoenvironment of Eocene prodelta in Spitsbergen recorded by the trace fossil Phycosiphon incertum. Polar Research 33: 23786.

Ros-Franch, S., Damborenea, S.E., Al-Suwaidi, A., Hesselbo, S.P., Jenkyns, H.C., Manceñido, M.O., and Riccardi, A.C. 2014. Relationship between anoxic conditions and size in Posidonotis (Bivalvia) from the Lower Jurassic of the Neuquén Basin, Argentina. 4° International Palaeontological Congress, Abstract Volume: 800.

Ros-Franch, S., Echevarría, J., Damborenea. S.E., Manceñido, M.O., Jenkyns, H.C., Al-Suwaidi, A., Hesselbod, S.P., and Riccardi, A.C. 2019. Population response during an Oceanic Anoxic Event: The case of Posidonotis (Bivalvia) from the Lower Jurassic of the Neuquén Basin, Argentina. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 525: 57-67.

Rovere, E., Caselli, A., Tourn, S., Leanza, H., Hugo, C., Folguera, A., Escosteguy, L., Geuna, S., González, R., Colombino, J., and Danieli, J. 2004. Hoja Geológica E. 1:250.000 nº 3772-IV, Andacollo, provincia del Neuquén. Instituto Geología Recursos Minerales. Servicio Geológico Minero Argentino, Boletín 298, 104 p., Buenos Aires.

Sánchez, N.P., Turienzo, M.M., Dimieri, L.V., Araujo, V.S., and Lebinson, F. 2014. Evolución de las estructuras andinas en la faja corrida y plegada de Chos Malal: interacción entre el basamento y la cubierta sedimentaria de la Cuenca Neuquina. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 71(2): 233-246.

Savrda, C.E. 2007. Trace fossils and marine benthic oxygenation. In: Miller W. (ed.), Trace Fossils: Concepts, Problems, Prospects III: 149-158, Amsterdam.

Savrda, C.E., and Bottjer, D.J. 1991. Oxygen-related biofacies in marine strata: an overview and update. In: Tyson, R.V and Pearson, T.H. (eds.), Modern and Ancient Continental Shelf Anoxia, Geological Society London Special Publication 58: 201-219, London.

Spalletti, L., Franzese, J., Matheos, S., and Schwarz, E. 2000. Sequence stratigraphy of a tidally-dominated carbonate-siliciclastic ramp: The Tithonian of the southern Neuquén Basin, Argentina. Journal of the Geological Society 157: 433-446.

Sternberg, K.M.G. von 1833. Versuch einer geognostisch-botanischen Darstellung der Flora der Vorwelt, Teil 5 und 6. Spurny, 80 p., Prague.

Uchman, A. 1995. Taxonomy and paleoecology of flysch trace fossils: The Marnoso arenacea Formation and associated facies (Miocene, Northern Apennines, Italy). Beringeria 15: 1-114.

Uchman, A. 1998. Taxonomy and ethology of flysch trace fossils; revision of the Marian Książkiewicz Collection and studies of complementary material. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 68: 105-218.

Uchman, A. 1999. Ichnology of the Rhenodanubian flysch (Lower Cretaceous–Eocene) in Austria and Germany. Beringeria 25: 65-171.

Uchman, A., Bąk, K. and Rodríguez-Tovar, F.J. 2008. Ichnological record of deep-sea palaeoenvironmental changes around the Oceanic Anoxic Event 2 (Cenomanian–Turonian boundary): an example from the Barnasiówka section, Polish Outer Carpathians. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 262: 61-7.

Uchman, A., Caruso, C., and Sonnino, M. 2012.Taxonomic review of Chondrites affinis (Sternberg, 1833) from Cretaceous-Neogene offshore-deep-sea Tethyan sediments and recommendation for its further use. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 118(2): 313-324.

Uchman, A., Hanken, N.M., Nielsen, J.K., Grundvåg, S.A., and Piasecki, S. 2016. Depositional environment, ichnological features and oxygenation of Permian to earliest Triassic marine sediments in central Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Polar Research 35: 24782.

Vergani, G.D., Tankard, A.J., Belotti, H.J., and Welsink, H.J. 1995. Tectonic evolution and paleogeography of the Neuquén Basin, Argentina. In: Tankard, A.J., Suarez Soruco, R., and Welsink, H.J. (eds.), Petroleum Basins of South America. American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Memoir 62: 383-402, Tulsa.

Weaver, C. 1931. Paleontology of the Jurassic and Cretaceous of West Central Argentina. Memoir University of Washington 1: 1-496.

Werner, F., and Wetzel, A. 1982. Interpretation of biogenic structures in oceanic sediments. Bulletin de l’Institute de Géologie du Bassin d’Aquitaine 31: 275-288.

Westermann, G.E.G., and Riccardi, A.C. 1972. Middle Jurassic ammonoid faunas and biochronology of the Argentine-Chilean Andes. Part I: Hildocerataceae. Palaeontographica A 140: 1-116.

Westermann, G.E.G., and Riccardi, A.C. 1979. Middle Jurassic Ammonoid Fauna and Biochronology of the Argentine-Chilean Andes. Part II: Bajocian Stephanocerataceae. Palaeontographica A 164(4-6): 85-188.

Wetzel, A. 1981. Ökologische und stratigraphische Bedeutung biogener Gefuge in quartären Sedimenten am NW-afrikanischen Kontinentalrand. “Meteor” Forschungs-Ergebnisse C 34: 1-47.

Wetzel, A. 2010. Deep-sea ichnology: observations in modern sediments to interpret fossil counterparts. Acta Geologica Polonica 60(1): 125-138.

Wetzel, A., and Balson, P. 1992. Sedimentology of fine-grained turbidites inferred from continuously recorded physical properties data. Marine Geology 104: 165-178.

Wetzel, A. and Bromley, R.G. 1994. Phycosiphon incertum revisited: Anconichnus horizontalis is its junior subjective synonym. Journal of Paleontology 68(6): 1396-1402.

Wetzel, A., and Uchman, A. 1997. Ichnology of deep-sea fan overbank deposits of the Ganei Slates (Eocene, Switzerland): A classical flysch trace fossil locality studied first by Oswald Heer. Ichnos 5(2): 139-162.

Wetzel, A., and Uchman, A. 1998. Deep-sea benthic food content recorded by ichnofabrics: A conceptual model based on observations from Paleogene flysch, Carpathians, Poland. Palaios 13(6):533-546.

Wetzel, A., and Uchman, A. 2001. Sequential colonization of muddy turbidites in the Eocene Beloveža Formation, Carpathians, Poland. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 168: 171-186.

Wetzel, A., Uchman, A., Blechschmidt, I., and Matter, A. 2009. Omanichnus and Vitichnus – two new graphoglyptid ichnogenera from Upper Triassic deep-sea fan deposits in Oman. Ichnos 16(3): 179-185.

Wetzel, A., Tjallingii, R. and Wiesner, M.G. 2011. Bioturbational structures record environmental changes in the upwelling area off Vietnam (South China Sea) for the last 150,000 years. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 311: 256-267.

Wignall, P.B., and Newton, R. 1998. Pyrite framboid diameter as a measure of oxygen deficiency in ancient mudrocks. American Journal of Science, 298(7): 537-552.

Descargas

Publicado

2020-09-28 — Actualizado el 2020-09-30

Cómo citar

Campetella, D. M., Carmona, N. B., Ponce, J. J., Wetzel, A., Rodríguez, M., & Parada, M. N. (2020). Trace fossils as tools to unravel oxygen conditions: A case study from Los Molles Formation (Toarcian-lower Callovian). Revista De La Asociación Geológica Argentina, 77(3), 463-477. Recuperado a partir de https://revista.geologica.org.ar/raga/article/view/221

Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a